Tag Archives: Law Enforcement

Addiction, Depression Common Among Women Who’ve Had Abortions: Study

About one in four U.S. women who have had an abortion sometime in their lives reported having alcohol or other drug problems, compared to 7 percent of women who had not had abortions, according to researchers from the University of …

Ireland Has Highest Binge-Drinking Rate in Europe

The latest research will do nothing to diminish the Irish reputation for heavy drinking: a survey from the European Commission (PDF) finds that Ireland has a binge-drinking rate three times higher than the rest of the European Union (EU). The …

Drug Courts Cut Crime, Recidivism, Prison Costs, International Study Finds

Researchers who looked at drug courts in 12 countries issued a ringing endorsement of their effects on crime and costs to society, saying the concept of offering addiction treatment to drug offenders rather than prison has succeeded in countries from …

Arterial Aging Worse for Smokers, Study Says

Smokers’ arteries age about twice as quickly as those of nonsmokers, becoming progressively stiffer and increasing the risk of stroke and heart attacks, according to new research from Japan. HealthDay News reported April 26 that Tokyo Medical University and University …

Why Do People Become Alcohol-Dependent? Researchers to Probe Brain Receptors

A research team at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine is targeting the brain’s opiate receptor system in trying to answer the age-old question of why some people can remain social drinkers while others who drink develop serious alcohol …

More Integration Needed for Dual-Diagnosis Patients, Canadian Report Says

Canada’s healthcare system needs to better integrate addiction and mental-health treatment, which typically are treated separately and, as a result, ineffectively, according to a new report from the Canadian Center on Substance Abuse (CCSA). Researchers said that half of individuals …

Childhood Sleep Problems May Presage Adult Addiction

Children who have trouble sleeping may be at increased risk of alcohol and other drug problems when they reach young adulthood, according to researcher Marie M. Wong of Idaho State University. Science Daily reported April 7 that Wong and colleagues …

Fat Rats Have Addiction-Like Responses to Food

Rats given unlimited access to high-fat foods exhibited addiction-like responses in their brains that could underlie compulsive eating and obesity, researchers say. A new animal study from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) found that the brain mechanisms involved …

To Clear Court Docket, Philly Eases Marijuana Penalties

People caught possessing marijuana in Philadelphia will soon face nothing more than a fine as the city — seeking to clear minor cases from court dockets — makes the offense even less than a misdemeanor. The Philadelphia Inquirer reported April …

Menthol Cigarettes Scrutinized by FDA

A discussion on the future of menthol cigarettes will begin at the first meeting of the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) new Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee, the New York Times reported March 29. Congress gave new tobacco regulation powers …