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The Way a Person Smokes Marijuana May Predict Future Dependence on the Drug

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The way a person smokes marijuana is more important than how potent the drug is, or how much of the active ingredient THC it contains, in predicting whether the person will become dependent on the drug, a new study suggests.

While people who smoke potent marijuana do get more THC than those who smoke traditional varieties, their style of marijuana smoking is more important in predicting dependence, the researchers report in the journal Addiction.

Previous research on marijuana dependence has focused on how often a person uses the drug, lead researcher Peggy van der Pol of the Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction told Reuters. She studied 98 young adults who smoked marijuana at least three days a week for more than a year.

At the start of the study, one-third of participants met the criteria for marijuana dependence. All participants were interviewed a year-and-a-half after being recruited into the study, and then again a year-and-a-half after that. At both sessions, they were asked to smoke marijuana, while researchers observed. The researchers found people who smoked more potent marijuana inhaled less smoke, and smoked at a slower pace than their peers.

Smoking behaviors, such as how much of a marijuana joint they smoked, or how frequently they puffed, predicted dependence at the three-year mark, regardless of how much THC they were exposed to, or whether they were marijuana-dependent at the start of the study.

4 Responses to this article

  1. Doug Moser / April 3, 2014 at 4:03 pm

    Fred: All I could get from the Reuters article was “Total monthly exposure to THC did predict the severity of dependence at the three-year mark.”
    Pam — in healthcare (where I work) it’s always been about dose(s)/levels, toxicity, and — as you point out — ancillary effects (regardless of what substance we’re talking about).
    Robert — bottom line is: all humans have limbic circuitry that can impair the frontal-cortex functioning, despite the substance or behavior in question.

  2. Avatar of Robert
    Robert / April 3, 2014 at 1:01 pm

    MAYBE, the behavior of smoking marijuana is more addictive than the chemicals themselves. THC reinforces the smoking behavior, but it is the pattern and intensity of the behavior that causes the addiction. This is the difference between physical dependence and psychological dependence. Bottom line is that smoking marijuana can still be addictive.

  3. Pam Waite / April 3, 2014 at 1:00 pm

    I just don’t get it. How hypocritical is all of this? In the world of substance abuse and addiction we refer to “AOD” meaning alchol, tobacco, and other substances. Cigarette smoking and pot smoking both enter the lungs as a foreign substance. What about 2nd and 3rd hand smoke? How is pot smoking acceptable now and cigarette smoking is villainous?

  4. Fred C / April 2, 2014 at 12:52 pm

    So was less smoke of more potent marijuana more or less likely to cause dependence? You very carefully avoided giving us the only important result of the study.

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