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Alcohol

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What are the street names/slang terms?

Booze

What is Alcohol?

Alcohol is a depressant.

What does it look like?

Alcohol is used in liquid form.

How is it used?

Alcohol is drunk. Types include beer, wine and liquor.

What are its short term effects?

When a person drinks alcohol, the alcohol is absorbed by the stomach, enters the bloodstream, and goes to all the tissues. The effects of alcohol are dependent on a variety of factors, including a person’s size, weight, age and sex, as well as the amount of food and alcohol consumed. The disinhibiting effect of alcohol is one of the main reasons it is used in so many social situations. Other effects of moderate alcohol intake include dizziness and talkativeness; the immediate effects of a larger amount of alcohol include slurred speech, disturbed sleep, nausea and vomiting. Alcohol, even at low doses, significantly impairs the judgment and coordination required to drive a car safely. Low to moderate doses of alcohol can also increase the incidence of a variety of aggressive acts, including domestic violence and child abuse. Hangovers are another possible effect after large amounts of alcohol are consumed; a hangover consists of headache, nausea, thirst, dizziness and fatigue.

What are its long-term effects?

Prolonged, heavy use of alcohol can lead to addiction (alcoholism). Sudden cessation of long term, extensive alcohol intake is likely to produce withdrawal symptoms, including severe anxiety, tremors, hallucinations and convulsions. Long-term effects of consuming large quantities of alcohol, especially when combined with poor nutrition, can lead to permanent damage to vital organs such as the brain and liver. In addition, mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy may give birth to infants with fetal alcohol syndrome. These infants may suffer from mental retardation and other irreversible physical abnormalities. In addition, research indicates that children of alcoholic parents are at greater risk than other children of becoming alcoholics.

What is its federal classification?

Not Applicable.

Source: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA).

Related Content:

If you consume alcoholic beverages, it’s important to know whether your drinking patterns are safe, risky or harmful. Take this Alcohol Assessment Quiz to find out.

Learn more about your responsibilities when hosting social gatherings where alcohol is being consumed. Find out the social hosting laws in your state.

Feeling overwhelmed or have a question about your child’s drug or alcohol use? Call our Parents Toll-Free Helpline: 1-855-DRUGFREE (1-855-378-4373).

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